Prayer time, Eid days and when should I marry my favorite harem slave ? – Astrologers and the Ottoman

Astrologers and the Ottoman

ISTANBUL – Hürriyet Daily News

Astrologers were firmly entrenched in Ottoman society by the time of Fatih Sultan Mehmed II in the mid-15th century. The first official chief astrologer was Seydi Ibrahim bin Seyyid, appointed during the reign of Sultan Bayezid II (1481-1512).

Specific time-keepers calculated time-keeping for prayers and fasting on the basis of the moon’s movements.

Specific time-keepers calculated time-keeping for prayers and fasting on the basis of the moon’s movements.

Niki Gamm Niki Gamm

–> No one knows the future, although a lot of people would like to. No one knows either when mankind first looked at the stars and thought they saw the future. There is general agreement that astronomy and astrology arose in the Middle East and passed through the ancient Greeks to the Romans. Where Islam is concerned, it was the Arabian Desert Bedouins who knew about the moon and stars. Later, their knowledge merged with that of the Greeks and Romans.

Islam demands accurate time-keeping for prayers and fasting. Specific time-keepers calculated these times on the basis of the moon’s movements. From there, it was apparently an easy step to calculate the future. Astronomers became astrologers and made good money drawing horoscopes, especially if the predictions turned out to be true.

The Turks were no exception, and under the influence of Islam and their travels through the Middle East, they began to include astronomers in their courts. Traveling through Central Asia and Persia, they would undoubtedly have been influenced by the use of astronomers and astrologers.

Astrologers were firmly entrenched in Ottoman society by the time of Fatih Sultan Mehmed II in the mid-15th century. He is known to have observed moments declared auspicious by the astrologers. Seydi Ibrahim bin Seyyid was the first chief astrologer, appointed during Sultan Bayezid II’s reign (1481-1512). The position existed until its abolition in 1924.

Only the sultan could appoint the chief astrologer but not before the sheikh al-Islam’s approval. The chief astrologer had a deputy and a team of astronomers under him who would have received rigorous training in the medreses (religious schools) in Islamic theology and law, astronomy, geometry and astronomical tables and instruments before being appointed a time-keeper in one of the city’s mosques. Since there were no clocks during the first part of the Ottoman Empire, people relied on the time-keepers for prayer-times and the fasting schedule.

The chief astrologer was primarily responsible for establishing the lunar calendar for the year so everyone would know when Ramadan began, that is, when they needed to start fasting. He would also prepare horoscopes for the sultan and the high-ranking government officials. Another part of his job would be to forecast propitious moments for events such as weddings, declarations of war, births, circumcisions, the launching of ships, military campaigns and the appointment of the grand vizier.
Did the sultans believe in these horoscopes? We know some allowed astrologers to control all their activities. Some sultans like Abdul Hamid I and Selim III did not believe astrologers but could not eliminate the custom either.

Many members of the religious establishment were opposed to casting horoscopes in spite of their popularity among the people and the fact that the astrologers/astronomers were trained in the medreses. On one occasion the opponents succeeded. The sultan during chief astrologer Taqi al-Din’s time was angered by some of his astrologers’ predictions and in 1575 ordered al-Din’s observatory overlooking Tophane in Istanbul to be torn down. Admiral Kılıç Ali Paşa, whose mosque still stands below the old cannon foundry, carried out the order. Some believe this observatory, as well as those in Samarkand and Maragheh, influenced the observatories built by Johannes Kepler and Tycho Brahe in the West.

Where were the women in all this? They had their own ways of telling the future, by looking into a drinker’s coffee cup and the moon. But that’s another article.

December/31/2011

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5 thoughts on “Prayer time, Eid days and when should I marry my favorite harem slave ? – Astrologers and the Ottoman

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    {page:WordSection1;} –></style><!–[if gte mso 9]><xml> <o:shapedefaults v:ext="edit" spidmax="2050" /> </xml><![endif]–><!–[if gte mso 9]><xml> <o:shapelayout v:ext="edit"> <o:idmap v:ext="edit" data="1" /> </o:shapelayout></xml><![endif]–></head><body lang=EN-US link="#EB7400" vlink="#EB7400"><div class=WordSection1><div align=center><table class=MsoNormalTable dir=rtl border=0 cellspacing=1 cellpadding=0 width="90%" style=’width:90.0%;background:#EFEEEE’><tr><td style=’background:white;padding:.6pt .6pt .6pt .6pt’><p class=MsoNormal align=center dir=RTL style=’text-align:center;direction:rtl;unicode-bidi:embed’><span lang=AR-SA style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:#373737′>والعِلْمُ في شُهُبِ</span><span dir=LTR></span><span lang=AR-SA dir=LTR style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:#373737′><span dir=LTR></span> </span><span lang=AR-SA style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:#373737′>الأَرْمَاحِ لاَمِعَة ً</span><span dir=LTR style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:#6D6D6D’><o:p></o:p></span></p></td><td style=’background:white;padding:.6pt .6pt .6pt .6pt’><p class=MsoNormal align=center dir=RTL style=’text-align:center;direction:rtl;unicode-bidi:embed’><span lang=AR-SA style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:#373737′>بَيْنَ الخَمِيسَيْنِ لافي</span><span dir=LTR></span><span lang=AR-SA dir=LTR style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:#373737′><span dir=LTR></span> </span><span lang=AR-SA style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:#373737′>السَّبْعَة ِ الشُّهُبِ</span><span dir=LTR></span><span lang=AR-SA dir=LTR style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:#373737′><span dir=LTR></span> </span><span dir=LTR style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:#6D6D6D’><o:p></o:p></span></p></td></tr><tr><td style=’background:white;padding:.6pt .6pt .6pt .6pt’><p class=MsoNormal align=center dir=RTL style=’text-align:center;direction:rtl;unicode-bidi:embed’><span lang=AR-SA style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:#373737′>أَيْنَ الروايَة ُ بَلْ أَيْنَ</span><span dir=LTR></span><span lang=AR-SA dir=LTR style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:#373737′><span dir=LTR></span> </span><span lang=AR-SA style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:#373737′>النُّجُومُ وَمَا</span><span dir=LTR style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:#6D6D6D’><o:p></o:p></span></p></td><td style=’background:white;padding:.6pt .6pt .6pt .6pt’><p class=MsoNormal align=center dir=RTL style=’text-align:center;direction:rtl;unicode-bidi:embed’><span lang=AR-SA style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:#373737′>صَاغُوه مِنْ زُخْرُفٍ فيها</span><span dir=LTR></span><span lang=AR-SA dir=LTR style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:#373737′><span dir=LTR></span> </span><span lang=AR-SA style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:#373737′>ومنْ كَذِبِ</span><span dir=LTR></span><span lang=AR-SA dir=LTR style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:#373737′><span dir=LTR></span> </span><span dir=LTR style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:#6D6D6D’><o:p></o:p></span></p></td></tr><tr><td style=’background:white;padding:.6pt .6pt .6pt .6pt’><p class=MsoNormal align=center dir=RTL style=’text-align:center;direction:rtl;unicode-bidi:embed’><span lang=AR-SA style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:#373737′>تخرُّصاً وأحاديثاً ملفَّقة</span><span dir=LTR></span><span lang=AR-SA dir=LTR style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:#373737′><span dir=LTR></span> </span><span lang=AR-SA style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:#373737′>ً</span><span dir=LTR style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:#6D6D6D’><o:p></o:p></span></p></td><td style=’background:white;padding:.6pt .6pt .6pt .6pt’><p class=MsoNormal align=center dir=RTL style=’text-align:center;direction:rtl;unicode-bidi:embed’><span lang=AR-SA style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:#373737′>لَيْسَتْ بِنَبْعٍ إِذَا</span><span dir=LTR></span><span lang=AR-SA dir=LTR style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:#373737′><span dir=LTR></span> </span><span lang=AR-SA style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:#373737′>عُدَّتْ ولاغَرَبِ</span><span dir=LTR></span><span lang=AR-SA dir=LTR style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:#373737′><span dir=LTR></span> </span><span dir=LTR style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:#6D6D6D’><o:p></o:p></span></p></td></tr><tr><td style=’background:white;padding:.6pt .6pt .6pt .6pt’><p class=MsoNormal align=center dir=RTL style=’text-align:center;direction:rtl;unicode-bidi:embed’><span lang=AR-SA style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:#373737′>عجائباً زعموا الأيَّامَ</span><span dir=LTR></span><span lang=AR-SA dir=LTR style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:#373737′><span dir=LTR></span> </span><span lang=AR-SA style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:#373737′>مُجْفلة ً</span><span dir=LTR style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:#6D6D6D’><o:p></o:p></span></p></td><td style=’background:white;padding:.6pt .6pt .6pt .6pt’><p class=MsoNormal align=center dir=RTL style=’text-align:center;direction:rtl;unicode-bidi:embed’><span lang=AR-SA style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:#373737′>عَنْهُنَّ في صَفَرِ الأَصْفَار</span><span dir=LTR></span><span lang=AR-SA dir=LTR style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:#373737′><span dir=LTR></span> </span><span lang=AR-SA style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:#373737′>أَوْ رَجَبِ</span><span dir=LTR></span><span lang=AR-SA dir=LTR style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:#373737′><span dir=LTR></span> </span><span dir=LTR style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:#6D6D6D’><o:p></o:p></span></p></td></tr><tr><td style=’background:white;padding:.6pt .6pt .6pt .6pt’><p class=MsoNormal align=center dir=RTL style=’text-align:center;direction:rtl;unicode-bidi:embed’><span lang=AR-SA style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:#373737′>وخَوَّفُوا الناسَ مِنْ</span><span dir=LTR></span><span lang=AR-SA dir=LTR style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:#373737′><span dir=LTR></span> </span><span lang=AR-SA style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:#373737′>دَهْيَاءَ مُظْلِمَة ٍ</span><span dir=LTR style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:#6D6D6D’><o:p></o:p></span></p></td><td style=’background:white;padding:.6pt .6pt .6pt .6pt’><p class=MsoNormal align=center dir=RTL style=’text-align:center;direction:rtl;unicode-bidi:embed’><span lang=AR-SA style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:#373737′>إذا بدا الكوكبُ الغربيُّ ذو</span><span dir=LTR></span><span lang=AR-SA dir=LTR style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:#373737′><span dir=LTR></span> </span><span lang=AR-SA style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:#373737′>الذَّنبِ</span><span dir=LTR></span><span lang=AR-SA dir=LTR style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:#373737′><span dir=LTR></span> </span><span dir=LTR style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:#6D6D6D’><o:p></o:p></span></p></td></tr><tr><td style=’background:white;padding:.6pt .6pt .6pt .6pt’><p class=MsoNormal align=center dir=RTL style=’text-align:center;direction:rtl;unicode-bidi:embed’><span lang=AR-SA style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:#373737′>وصيَّروا الأبرجَ العُلْيا</span><span dir=LTR></span><span lang=AR-SA dir=LTR style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:#373737′><span dir=LTR></span> </span><span lang=AR-SA style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:#373737′>مُرتَّبة ً</span><span dir=LTR style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:#6D6D6D’><o:p></o:p></span></p></td><td style=’background:white;padding:.6pt .6pt .6pt .6pt’><p class=MsoNormal align=center dir=RTL style=’text-align:center;direction:rtl;unicode-bidi:embed’><span lang=AR-SA style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:#373737′>مَا كَانَ مُنْقَلِباً أَوْ</span><span dir=LTR></span><span lang=AR-SA dir=LTR style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:#373737′><span dir=LTR></span> </span><span lang=AR-SA style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:#373737′>غيْرَ مُنْقَلِبِ</span><span dir=LTR></span><span lang=AR-SA dir=LTR style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:#373737′><span dir=LTR></span> </span><span dir=LTR style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:#6D6D6D’><o:p></o:p></span></p></td></tr><tr><td style=’background:white;padding:.6pt .6pt .6pt .6pt’><p class=MsoNormal align=center dir=RTL style=’text-align:center;direction:rtl;unicode-bidi:embed’><span lang=AR-SA style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:#373737′>يقضون بالأمر عنها وهي</span><span dir=LTR></span><span lang=AR-SA dir=LTR style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:#373737′><span dir=LTR></span> </span><span lang=AR-SA style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:#373737′>غافلة</span><span dir=LTR style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:#6D6D6D’><o:p></o:p></span></p></td><td style=’background:white;padding:.6pt .6pt .6pt .6pt’><p class=MsoNormal align=center dir=RTL style=’text-align:center;direction:rtl;unicode-bidi:embed’><span lang=AR-SA style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:#373737′>ما دار في فلك منها وفي قُطُبِ</span><span dir=LTR></span><span lang=AR-SA dir=LTR style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:#373737′><span dir=LTR></span> </span><span dir=LTR style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:#6D6D6D’><o:p></o:p></span></p></td></tr><tr><td style=’background:white;padding:.6pt .6pt .6pt .6pt’><p class=MsoNormal align=center dir=RTL style=’text-align:center;direction:rtl;unicode-bidi:embed’><span lang=AR-SA style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:#373737′>لو بيَّنت قطّ أمراً قبل</span><span dir=LTR></span><span lang=AR-SA dir=LTR style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:#373737′><span dir=LTR></span> </span><span lang=AR-SA style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:#373737′>موقعه</span><span dir=LTR style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:#6D6D6D’><o:p></o:p></span></p></td><td style=’background:white;padding:.6pt .6pt .6pt .6pt’><p class=MsoNormal align=center dir=RTL style=’text-align:center;direction:rtl;unicode-bidi:embed’><span lang=AR-SA style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:#373737′>لم تُخْفِ ماحلَّ بالأوثان</span><span dir=LTR></span><span lang=AR-SA dir=LTR style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:#373737′><span dir=LTR></span> </span><span lang=AR-SA style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:#373737′>والصلُبِ</span><span dir=LTR></span><span lang=AR-SA dir=LTR style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:#373737′><span dir=LTR></span> </span><span dir=LTR style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:#6D6D6D’><o:p></o:p></span></p></td></tr></table></div><p class=MsoNormal><span style=’font-size:11.0pt;font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif";color:#1F497D’></span></p><p class=MsoNormal dir=RTL style=’text-align:right;direction:rtl;unicode-bidi:embed’><span lang=AR-SA style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:#1F497D’>لا شك أن الخلافة العثمانية كانت خلافة إسلامية وبعض سلاطين آل عثمان أفضل من بضع خلفاء بني العباس أو بني أمبة. لكل ليست كل أحوال دولتهم قدوة بإطلاق. إذ لو كانوا كذلك لألحقوا بالخلفاء الراشدين، ولم يقل بذلك أحد.<o:p></o:p></span></p><p class=MsoNormal dir=RTL style=’text-align:right;direction:rtl;unicode-bidi:embed’><span lang=AR-SA style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:#1F497D’>ومع أني لا آخذ بكل ما قلته (أبله غم)، إذ التحري والتوثق مطلوب قبل اتهام أحد في دينه، سيما إذا كان خليفة المسلمين هو المتهم، لكنها أقرت بنفسها أن أمثال عبد الحميد الأول وسليم الثالث كانوا منكرين لهذا الأمر، ويعدونه بدعة. فنشهد للسلطانين المذكورين بشهادتها لأن الأصل براءة الذمة من التهمة، ونحجم عن الكلام في السلطان محمد الثاني حتى نتبين ألا نصيب قوما بجهالة فنصبح على ما فعلنا نادمين.<o:p></o:p></span></p><p class=MsoNormal><span style=’font-size:11.0pt;font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif";color:#1F497D’></span></p><p class=MsoNormal><span style=’font-size:11.0pt;font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif";color:#1F497D’></span></p><div><table class=MsoNormalTable border=0 cellspacing=0 cellpadding=0 style=’border-collapse:collapse’><tr style=’height:62.1pt’><td width=107 valign=top style=’width:63.9pt;padding:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt;height:62.1pt’><p class=MsoNormal><span style=’font-size:11.0pt;font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif";color:#1F497D’><img width=77 height=85 id="Picture_x0020_18" src="cid:image001.png@01CD96F8.4E199E50" alt=Gold><o:p></o:p></span></p></td><td width=375 style=’width:225.0pt;padding:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt;height:62.1pt’><p class=MsoNormal><span style=’font-size:13.0pt;font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif";color:#C2AB00′>Mohamad Akra</span><span style=’font-size:13.0pt;font-family:"Arial","sans-serif";color:#C2AB00′><o:p></o:p></span></p><p class=MsoNormal><span style=’font-size:11.0pt;font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif";color:#1F497D’>CEO</span><span style=’font-size:10.0pt;font-family:"Arial","sans-serif";color:#5F5F5F’><o:p></o:p></span></p><p class=MsoNormal><span style=’font-size:11.0pt;font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif";color:#1F497D’><a href="http://www.ebanan.com/"><u><span style=’font-size:10.0pt;font-family:"Arial","sans-serif";color:#C2AB00′>Banan Information Technologies</span></u></a></span><u><span style=’font-size:10.0pt;font-family:"Arial","sans-serif";color:#C2AB00′><o:p></o:p></span></u></p><p class=MsoNormal><span style=’font-size:1.0pt;font-family:"Verdana","sans-serif";color:#0070C0′></span></p><p class=MsoNormal><span style=’font-size:7.0pt;font-family:"Lucida Console";color:#A6A6A6′>Phone : +249 (1) 8533-4776<o:p></o:p></span></p><p class=MsoNormal><span style=’font-size:7.0pt;font-family:"Lucida Console";color:#A6A6A6′>Fax :   +249 (1) 8533-8655</span><span style=’font-size:11.0pt;font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif";color:#1F497D’><o:p></o:p></span></p></td></tr></table><p class=MsoNormal><span style=’font-size:11.0pt;font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif";color:#1F497D’></span></p></div><p class=MsoNormal><span style=’font-size:11.0pt;font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif";color:#1F497D’></span></p><div><div style=’border:none;border-top:solid #B5C4DF 1.0pt;padding:3.0pt 0in 0in 0in’><p class=MsoNormal><b><span style=’font-size:10.0pt;font-family:"Tahoma","sans-serif"’>From:</span></b><span style=’font-size:10.0pt;font-family:"Tahoma","sans-serif"’> Dirassat Beirut [mailto:post@dirassat.posterous.com] <br><b>Sent:</b> Thursday, September 20, 2012 5:51 AM<br><b>To:</b> mohamad.akra@ebanan.com<br><b>Subject:</b> [dirassat] Prayer time, Eid days and when should I marry my favorite harem slave ? – Astrologers and the Ottoman<o:p></o:p></span></p></div></div><p class=MsoNormal></p><div align=center><table class=MsoNormalTable border=0 cellspacing=0 cellpadding=0 width=650 style=’width:390.0pt’><tr style=’height:12.0pt’><td colspan=3 style=’background:#EAEAEA;padding:0in 0in 0in 0in;height:12.0pt’></td></tr><tr><td width=20 style=’width:12.0pt;background:#EAEAEA;padding:0in 0in 0in 0in’></td><td style=’padding:0in 0in 0in 0in’><div align=center><table class=MsoNormalTable border=0 cellspacing=0 cellpadding=0 width=610 style=’width:366.0pt’><tr style=’height:.5in’ id=header><td width=610 style=’width:366.0pt;padding:0in 0in 0in 0in;height:.5in’><div id="logo_container"><p class=MsoNormal><span style=’font-size:14.5pt;font-family:"Helvetica","sans-serif";color:#333333′><img border=0 width=610 id=logo src="http://posterous.com/images/emails/design/logo.jpg&quot; alt="Posterous Spaces"><o:p></o:p></span></p></div></td></tr><tr><td style=’padding:0in 0in 0in 0in’><table class=MsoNormalTable border=0 cellspacing=0 cellpadding=0 width=610 style=’width:366.0pt;background:white’><tr style=’height:12.0pt’><td style=’padding:0in 0in 0in 0in;height:12.0pt’></td><td style=’border:none;padding:0in 0in 0in 0in’ width=594 colspan=2><p class=’MsoNormal’>&nbsp;</p></td></tr><tr><td width=16 style=’width:9.6pt;padding:0in 0in 0in 0in’></td><td width=578 style=’width:346.8pt;padding:0in 0in 0in 0in’><table class=MsoNormalTable border=0 cellspacing=0 cellpadding=0 width=578 style=’width:346.8pt’ id="first_section"><tr><td style=’padding:0in 0in 0in 0in’><p><span style=’font-size:7.0pt;font-family:"Helvetica","sans-serif";color:#333333′></span></p></td></tr></table></td></tr></table></td></tr></table></div></td></tr></table></div></div></body></html>

  2. Walid Nouh says:

    <html><head><meta http-equiv="content-type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8"></head><body dir="auto"><div><div style="text-align: right;direction: rtl; "><table width="770" dir="rtl" align="center" style="text-align: -webkit-auto; "><tbody><tr><td width="100%"><div align="center"><span style="background-color: rgba(255, 255, 255, 0);">{<strong>وعلامات وبالنجم هم يهتدون</strong>}</span></div></td></tr><tr></tr></tbody></table><div style="text-align: -webkit-auto;"><br></div></div><br><span style="-webkit-text-size-adjust: auto;">Regards,</span><div style="-webkit-text-size-adjust: auto; ">Walid.</div></div><div style="-webkit-text-size-adjust: auto; "><br></div></body></html>

  3. makra says:

    <html xmlns:v="urn:schemas-microsoft-com:vml" xmlns:o="urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:office" xmlns:w="urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:word" xmlns:m="http://schemas.microsoft.com/office/2004/12/omml&quot; xmlns="http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40"><head><meta http-equiv=Content-Type content="text/html; charset=utf-8"><meta name=Generator content="Microsoft Word 12 (filtered medium)"><!–[if !mso]><style>v:* {behavior:url(#default#VML);} o:* {behavior:url(#default#VML);} w:* {behavior:url(#default#VML);} .shape {behavior:url(#default#VML);} </style><![endif]–><style><!– /* Font Definitions */ @font-face
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    {page:WordSection1;} –></style><!–[if gte mso 9]><xml> <o:shapedefaults v:ext="edit" spidmax="2050" /> </xml><![endif]–><!–[if gte mso 9]><xml> <o:shapelayout v:ext="edit"> <o:idmap v:ext="edit" data="1" /> </o:shapelayout></xml><![endif]–></head><body lang=EN-US link=blue vlink=purple><div class=WordSection1><p class=MsoNormal dir=RTL style=’text-align:right;direction:rtl;unicode-bidi:embed’><span lang=AR-SA style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:#1F497D’>استدلال طريف جعلني أستلقي على ظهري من الضحك…<o:p></o:p></span></p><p class=MsoNormal dir=RTL style=’text-align:right;direction:rtl;unicode-bidi:embed’><span lang=AR-SA style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:#1F497D’>و(علامات): دلالة على مشروعية <u>التبصير في الفنجان</u>،<o:p></o:p></span></p><p class=MsoNormal dir=RTL style=’text-align:right;direction:rtl;unicode-bidi:embed’><span lang=AR-SA style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:#1F497D’>و(بالنجم): دلالة على مشروعية <u>أبراج الحظ</u>!<o:p></o:p></span></p><p class=MsoNormal dir=RTL style=’text-align:right;direction:rtl;unicode-bidi:embed’><span lang=AR-SA style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:#1F497D’>(هم) يهتدون: دلالة على أن التخطيط لا يكون إلا بالوسائل أعلاه، فـالضمير (هم) يفيد التوكيد والحصر!</span><span dir=LTR style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:#1F497D’><o:p></o:p></span></p><p class=MsoNormal dir=RTL style=’text-align:right;direction:rtl;unicode-bidi:embed’><span dir=RTL></span><span lang=AR-SA style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:#1F497D’><span dir=RTL></span>….<o:p></o:p></span></p><p class=MsoNormal dir=RTL style=’text-align:right;direction:rtl;unicode-bidi:embed’><span lang=AR-SA style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:#1F497D’>طبعا، لو نظرنا إلى الآية التي قبلها، لعرفنا معنى يهتدون:<o:p></o:p></span></p><p class=MsoNormal dir=RTL style=’text-align:right;direction:rtl;unicode-bidi:embed’><span lang=AR-SA style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif"’>وَأَلْقَى فِي الأَرْضِ رَوَاسِيَ أَن تَمِيدَ بِكُمْ وَأَنْهَارًا وَسُبُلاً <b><u>لَّعَلَّكُمْ تَهْتَدُونَ</u></b> ( 16 ) وَعَلامَاتٍ وَبِالنَّجْمِ <b><u>هُمْ يَهْتَدُونَ</u></b><span style=’color:#1F497D’><o:p></o:p></span></span></p><p class=MsoNormal dir=RTL style=’text-align:right;direction:rtl;unicode-bidi:embed’><span lang=AR-SA style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:#1F497D’>فسياق النص يفسر معنى الاهتداء: وهو معرفة الطريق في السفر، إذ جعلت له الأنهار والسبل، كما جعلت له العلامات والنجوم.<o:p></o:p></span></p><p class=MsoNormal dir=RTL style=’text-align:right;direction:rtl;unicode-bidi:embed’><span lang=AR-SA style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:#1F497D’>وليس المقصود بالاهتداء التوصل – عن طريق النجوم – إلى التخطيط للقرارات المستقبلية من إعلان حرب أو الإقدام على زواج أو نحو ذلك. فقد سن لنا الإسلام بديلا وهو <b>الاستخارة</b> لمثل ذلك.<o:p></o:p></span></p><p class=MsoNormal dir=RTL style=’text-align:right;direction:rtl;unicode-bidi:embed’><b><span lang=AR-SA style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:#2E5092′>عَنْ جَابِرِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ رضى الله عنهما قَالَ : ( كَانَ النَّبِىُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم يُعَلِّمُنَا الاِسْتِخَارَةَ فِى الأُمُورِ كُلِّهَا كَالسُّورَةِ مِنَ الْقُرْآنِ ) رواه البخاري.<o:p></o:p></span></b></p><p class=MsoNormal dir=RTL style=’text-align:right;direction:rtl;unicode-bidi:embed’><span lang=AR-SA style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:#2E5092′>فإذا علمت ذلك، فاتبع سبيل الهدى واحرص على الاستخارة، ودع أبراج الحظ والتبصير في الفنجان ونحوها من الخرافات.<o:p></o:p></span></p><p class=MsoNormal dir=RTL style=’text-align:right;direction:rtl;unicode-bidi:embed’><span lang=AR-SA style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:#2E5092′>والله الموفق.</span><span lang=AR-SA style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:#1F497D’><o:p></o:p></span></p><p class=MsoNormal dir=RTL style=’text-align:right;direction:rtl;unicode-bidi:embed’><span lang=AR-SA style=’font-size:11.0pt;font-family:"Arial","sans-serif";color:#1F497D’></span></p><p class=MsoNormal><span style=’font-size:11.0pt;font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif";color:#1F497D’></span></p><table class=MsoNormalTable border=0 cellspacing=0 cellpadding=0 style=’border-collapse:collapse’><tr style=’height:62.1pt’><td width=107 valign=top style=’width:63.9pt;padding:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt;height:62.1pt’><p class=MsoNormal><span style=’font-size:11.0pt;font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif";color:#1F497D’><img width=77 height=85 id="Picture_x0020_18" src="cid:image001.png@01CD9835.69B59950" alt=Gold><o:p></o:p></span></p></td><td width=375 style=’width:225.0pt;padding:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt;height:62.1pt’><p class=MsoNormal><span style=’font-size:13.0pt;font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif";color:#C2AB00′>Mohamad Akra</span><span style=’font-size:13.0pt;font-family:"Arial","sans-serif";color:#C2AB00′><o:p></o:p></span></p><p class=MsoNormal><span style=’font-size:11.0pt;font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif";color:#1F497D’>CEO</span><span style=’font-size:10.0pt;font-family:"Arial","sans-serif";color:#5F5F5F’><o:p></o:p></span></p><p class=MsoNormal><span style=’font-size:11.0pt;font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif";color:#1F497D’><a href="http://www.ebanan.com/"><span style=’font-size:10.0pt;font-family:"Arial","sans-serif";color:#C2AB00′>Banan Information Technologies</span></a></span><u><span style=’font-size:10.0pt;font-family:"Arial","sans-serif";color:#C2AB00′><o:p></o:p></span></u></p><p class=MsoNormal><span style=’font-size:1.0pt;font-family:"Verdana","sans-serif";color:#0070C0′></span></p><p class=MsoNormal><span style=’font-size:7.0pt;font-family:"Lucida Console";color:#A6A6A6′>Phone : +249 (1) 8533-4776<o:p></o:p></span></p><p class=MsoNormal><span style=’font-size:7.0pt;font-family:"Lucida Console";color:#A6A6A6′>Fax :   +249 (1) 8533-8655</span><span style=’font-size:11.0pt;font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif";color:#1F497D’><o:p></o:p></span></p></td></tr></table><p class=MsoNormal><span style=’font-size:11.0pt;font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif";color:#1F497D’></span></p><p class=MsoNormal><span style=’font-size:11.0pt;font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif";color:#1F497D’></span></p><div style=’border:none;border-top:solid #B5C4DF 1.0pt;padding:3.0pt 0in 0in 0in’><p class=MsoNormal><b><span style=’font-size:10.0pt;font-family:"Tahoma","sans-serif"’>From:</span></b><span style=’font-size:10.0pt;font-family:"Tahoma","sans-serif"’> Posterous [mailto:</span></p></div></div></body></html>

  4. Walid Nouh says:

    <html><head><meta http-equiv="content-type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8"></head><body dir="auto"><div style="-webkit-text-size-adjust: auto; ">The thoughts we cook in the privacy of our caves are personal and subjective in nature. The conclusions associated with those thoughts are not necessarily in line with the thoughts of other people or societies or civilizations. In the case of conflict, an ideological directive can give the cave-man the license to wipe out individuals, societies, and even civilizations. In doing so, the root cause of the conflict would have been eliminated. Alas, the price is the sacrifice of our intellect and humanity. &nbsp;Unfortunately, muslims are known to engage in such forms of intellectual mass destruction.&nbsp;</div><div style="-webkit-text-size-adjust: auto; "><br></div><div><span style="-webkit-text-size-adjust: auto;">Astrology or Tanjim existed since the beginning of time, since the first men gazed into the stars in awe and bewilderment. Away from the hardship of the blinding day light, men was drawn by an invisible force to the soothing silence of the night under a magic tapestry of the enchanting stars. You may relate to this vision of stars if you find yourself driving in the desert at night. The experience is a joyful feast to the eye and the soul. Under those starry nights, men contemplated. Guidance reflected from the stars into the heart of reflective souls. Charting those stars for navigational purposes was coincidental and secondary, yet very important for a different group in the society. Traders and caravan masters appreciated and depended on the position of stars to reach their destination safely. For prophets, priests, shamans, kahins, and gnostics , stars were the magnificent banquet of divine winery. Stars were the perfect "meyhane" of intoxication, guidance and gnosis. The connection between the stars and the Gnostics was deeper, more spiritual and direct than between them and a secular trader. Stars inspired and guided the Gnostics to traverse safely in the hazardous world of meanings and ideas. What a journey it surely was !</span><br><br><span style="-webkit-text-size-adjust: auto;">Like other societies defore them and after, ottoman related to the stars for astronomy, navigation and Tanjim : fortune telling.&nbsp;</span><span style="-webkit-text-size-adjust: auto; background-color: rgba(255, 255, 255, 0);"><b>Müneccimbaşı</b>&nbsp;(sometimes also spelled as&nbsp;<i>Müneccimbashi</i>&nbsp;or&nbsp;<i>Müneccimbasi</i>) was the title given to the chief court&nbsp;<a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Astrologer&quot; title="Astrologer" style="text-decoration: none; background-image: none; ">astrologer</a>&nbsp;in the&nbsp;<a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ottoman_Empire&quot; title="Ottoman Empire" style="text-decoration: none; background-image: none; ">Ottoman Empire</a>. The title was held in succession from the 15th century until the demise of the Empire. The chief astrologer position existed prior to the conquest of Constantinople and continued thereafter. One have to ask himself:&nbsp;</span><span style="-webkit-tap-highlight-color: rgba(26, 26, 26, 0.292969); -webkit-composition-fill-color: rgba(175, 192, 227, 0.230469); -webkit-composition-frame-color: rgba(77, 128, 180, 0.230469); -webkit-text-size-adjust: auto; ">Since the 15th century,</span><span style="background-color: rgba(255, 255, 255, 0); -webkit-text-size-adjust: auto; ">&nbsp;Did all the Grand Mufti (شيخ الاسلام) miss the interpretation of the shariah and the Quranic Ayah ? Did they miss informing the Sultan of the obvious prohibition of Tanjim ? Were all the sultans, the stewards of All Mighty on earth, lacking the will or determination to abrogate the chief astrologer position ? Or is this ottoman history a mere figment of fabrication by those trying to undermine the purity of religion ?&nbsp;</span></div><div><span style="-webkit-text-size-adjust: auto; background-color: rgba(255, 255, 255, 0);"><br></span></div><div><span style="-webkit-text-size-adjust: auto; background-color: rgba(255, 255, 255, 0);">Perhaps, the answers are better sought in the beauty and the guidance of the stars rather than in darkness of ideological underground caves.&nbsp;</span></div><div><span style="-webkit-text-size-adjust: auto; background-color: rgba(255, 255, 255, 0);"><br></span></div><div>Picture of Muneccimbaşı holding sextant in Taqi al-Din Istanbul observatory</div><div><br></div><div><img src="cid:3D4B8D67-7C39-44E8-B7D3-7F2635E56232" alt="Sextant_TakiyüddinRasid_TopkapiPalaceMuseum.jpg" id="3D4B8D67-7C39-44E8-B7D3-7F2635E56232" width="363" height="611"></div><div><br></div><div><br></div><div><br></div><div><img src="cid:65CD5C17-5D81-4AA6-ADB3-33126F264154" alt="MuneccimbasiTakiyuddinIstanbulRasathanesi.jpg" id="65CD5C17-5D81-4AA6-ADB3-33126F264154" width="317" height="469"></div><div><br><span style="-webkit-text-size-adjust: auto;">Regards,</span><div style="-webkit-text-size-adjust: auto; ">Walid.</div></div><div style="-webkit-text-size-adjust: auto; "><br></div></body></html>

  5. makra says:

    <html xmlns:v="urn:schemas-microsoft-com:vml" xmlns:o="urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:office" xmlns:w="urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:word" xmlns:m="http://schemas.microsoft.com/office/2004/12/omml&quot; xmlns="http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40"><head><meta http-equiv=Content-Type content="text/html; charset=utf-8"><meta name=Generator content="Microsoft Word 12 (filtered medium)"><!–[if !mso]><style>v:* {behavior:url(#default#VML);} o:* {behavior:url(#default#VML);} w:* {behavior:url(#default#VML);} .shape {behavior:url(#default#VML);} </style><![endif]–><style><!– /* Font Definitions */ @font-face
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    {page:WordSection1;} –></style><!–[if gte mso 9]><xml> <o:shapedefaults v:ext="edit" spidmax="2050" /> </xml><![endif]–><!–[if gte mso 9]><xml> <o:shapelayout v:ext="edit"> <o:idmap v:ext="edit" data="1" /> </o:shapelayout></xml><![endif]–></head><body lang=EN-US link=blue vlink=purple><div class=WordSection1><p class=MsoNormal dir=RTL style=’text-align:right;direction:rtl;unicode-bidi:embed’><span lang=AR-SA style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:#1F497D’>ملخص كلامكم: وظيمة المنجم هي منصب رسمي في الخلافة العثمانية منذ القرن الخامس عشر، ولم يعترض عليها سلطان أو مفت، فدل ذلك على مشروعية التنجيم بمعنى النظر في الكواكب قبل اتخاذ القرارات.<o:p></o:p></span></p><p class=MsoNormal dir=RTL style=’text-align:right;direction:rtl;unicode-bidi:embed’><span lang=AR-SA style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:#1F497D’>الجواب: <o:p></o:p></span></p><p class=MsoNormal dir=RTL style=’text-align:right;direction:rtl;unicode-bidi:embed’><span lang=AR-SA style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:#1F497D’>أولا: هل فعلا كانت هذه وظيفة المنجم دوما؟ أم أنه سمي بذلك والمقصود أنه عالم الفلك، حيث كان التنجيم وعلم الفلك مختلطان في الماضي كاختلاط الكيمياء والسحر، واختلاط المنطق والفلسفة؟ سيما وأن المنجم باشا كان دائما خريج المدارس الشرعية، وأي طالب علم يعرف أن النجوم والكواكب لا تأثير لها في النحس والسعد. كيف لا وقد جاء في الحديث المتفق عليه: </span><span lang=AR style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:black’>(( </span><span lang=AR style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:green’>هَلْ تَدْرُونَ مَاذَا قَالَ رَبُّكُمْ</span><span lang=AR style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:black’> ؟)) قَالُوا: </span><span lang=AR style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:maroon’>اللَّهُ وَرَسُولُهُ أَعْلَمُ</span><span lang=AR style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:black’>. قَالَ: (( </span><span lang=AR style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:green’>قَالَ</span><span lang=AR style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:black’>:</span><span lang=AR style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:green’> أَصْبَحَ مِنْ عِبَادِي مُؤْمِنٌ بِي وَكَافِرٌ</span><span lang=AR style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:black’>، </span><span lang=AR style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:green’>فَأَمَّا مَنْ قَالَ</span><span lang=AR style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:black’>: </span><span lang=AR style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:green’>مُطِرْنَا بِفَضْلِ اللَّهِ وَرَحْمَتِهِ فَذَلِكَ مُؤْمِنٌ بِي كَافِرٌ بِالْكَوْكَبِ</span><span lang=AR style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:black’>، </span><b><span lang=AR style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:green’>وَأَمَّا مَنْ قَالَ</span></b><b><span lang=AR style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:black’>: </span></b><b><span lang=AR style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:green’>مُطِرْنَا</span></b><b><span lang=AR style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:black’> </span></b><b><span lang=AR style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:green’>بِنَوْءِ كَذَا وَكَذَا فَذَلِكَ كَافِرٌ بِي مُؤْمِنٌ بِالْكَوْكَبِ</span></b><span lang=AR style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:black’> )). وفي حديث حسن عند أبي داود وابن ماجه (( </span><span lang=AR style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:green’>مَنْ اقْتَبَسَ عِلْمًا مِنْ النُّجُومِ اقْتَبَسَ شُعْبَةً مِنْ</span><span lang=AR style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:black’> </span><span lang=AR style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:green’>السِّحْرِ زَادَ مَا زَادَ</span><span lang=AR style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:black’> )). ولعل هذا ما يفسر إصرار شيخ الإسلام على أن يكون تعيين المنجم بعد موافقته، وذلك ربما لمعينته والتأكد على أنه – أي المنجم – يفرق بين الفلك المشروع والتنجيم بمعناه المخالف للشريعة.<o:p></o:p></span></p><p class=MsoNormal dir=RTL style=’text-align:right;direction:rtl;unicode-bidi:embed’><span lang=AR-SA style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:#1F497D’></span></p><p class=MsoNormal dir=RTL style=’text-align:right;direction:rtl;unicode-bidi:embed’><span lang=AR-SA style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:#1F497D’>ثانيا: هل فعلا لم يعترض على التنجيم – عند حصول انحراف في التطبيق – سلطان أو مفت؟ الخبر الذي أوردتموه من قبل نقلا عن (أبله غم) بأن بعض السلاطين والمفتين كانوا ينكرون ذلك، يفيد خلاف ذلك.<o:p></o:p></span></p><p class=MsoNormal dir=RTL style=’text-align:right;direction:rtl;unicode-bidi:embed’><span lang=AR-SA style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:#1F497D’></span></p><p class=MsoNormal dir=RTL style=’text-align:right;direction:rtl;unicode-bidi:embed’><span lang=AR-SA style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:#1F497D’>ثالثا: هل فعلا استمرارية اعتماد الناس على الأبراج دلالة على مشروعيتها؟ الحديث الذي في صحبح مسلم ينقض ذلك: (أربع في أمتي من <b><u><span style=’background:yellow;mso-highlight:yellow’>أمر الجاهلية</span></u></b> <b><u>لا يتركونهن</u></b>: الفخر في الأحساب، والطعن في الأنساب، <b><u>والاستسقاء بالنجوم</u></b>، والنياحة). فدل على أن هذه المصيبة ستبقى في هذه الأمة، ربما من خلال محاولة تبريرها بين الفينة والأخرى بأدلة واهية، بل واتهام من ينكرها بممارسة الإرهاب الفكري!! </span><span dir=LTR></span><span dir=LTR style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:Wingdings;color:#1F497D’><span dir=LTR></span>J</span><span lang=AR-SA style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:#1F497D’><o:p></o:p></span></p><p class=MsoNormal dir=RTL style=’text-align:right;direction:rtl;unicode-bidi:embed’><span lang=AR-SA style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:#1F497D’></span></p><p class=MsoNormal dir=RTL style=’text-align:right;direction:rtl;unicode-bidi:embed’><span lang=AR-SA style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:#1F497D’>ختاما: الدكتور المهندس أحمد أديب شعار قام بعمل دراسة على الكمبيوتر ليقارن نتائج الإنجاب مع ما كان يفترض أن يكون جنس المولود لو تم الاعتماد على علم التنجيم لتحديد الجنس. وقد أثبت بالدليل الاستقرائي أن نتائج التنجيم مهزلة. انظر بحثه على هذا <a href="http://www.adyatsyria.org/adyat/page.php?102">الرابط</a&gt;.<o:p></o:p></span></p><p class=MsoNormal dir=RTL style=’text-align:right;direction:rtl;unicode-bidi:embed’><span lang=AR-SA style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:#1F497D’></span></p><p class=MsoNormal dir=RTL style=’text-align:right;direction:rtl;unicode-bidi:embed’><span lang=AR-SA style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:#1F497D’></span></p><p class=MsoNormal dir=RTL style=’text-align:right;direction:rtl;unicode-bidi:embed’><span lang=AR-SA style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:#1F497D’></span></p><p class=MsoNormal dir=RTL style=’text-align:right;direction:rtl;unicode-bidi:embed’><span lang=AR-SA style=’font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Traditional Arabic","serif";color:#1F497D’></span></p><p class=MsoNormal><span style=’font-size:11.0pt;font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif";color:#1F497D’></span></p><table class=MsoNormalTable border=0 cellspacing=0 cellpadding=0 style=’border-collapse:collapse’><tr style=’height:62.1pt’><td width=107 valign=top style=’width:63.9pt;padding:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt;height:62.1pt’><p class=MsoNormal><span style=’font-size:11.0pt;font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif";color:#1F497D’><img border=0 width=77 height=85 id="Picture_x0020_18" src="cid:image001.png@01CD988A.C7EF9B10" alt=Gold><o:p></o:p></span></p></td><td width=375 style=’width:225.0pt;padding:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt;height:62.1pt’><p class=MsoNormal><span style=’font-size:13.0pt;font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif";color:#C2AB00′>Mohamad Akra</span><span style=’font-size:13.0pt;font-family:"Arial","sans-serif";color:#C2AB00′><o:p></o:p></span></p><p class=MsoNormal><span style=’font-size:11.0pt;font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif";color:#1F497D’>CEO</span><span style=’font-size:10.0pt;font-family:"Arial","sans-serif";color:#5F5F5F’><o:p></o:p></span></p><p class=MsoNormal><span style=’font-size:11.0pt;font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif";color:#1F497D’><a href="http://www.ebanan.com/"><span style=’font-size:10.0pt;font-family:"Arial","sans-serif";color:#C2AB00′>Banan Information Technologies</span></a></span><u><span style=’font-size:10.0pt;font-family:"Arial","sans-serif";color:#C2AB00′><o:p></o:p></span></u></p><p class=MsoNormal><span style=’font-size:1.0pt;font-family:"Verdana","sans-serif";color:#0070C0′></span></p><p class=MsoNormal><span style=’font-size:7.0pt;font-family:"Lucida Console";color:#A6A6A6′>Phone : +249 (1) 8533-4776<o:p></o:p></span></p><p class=MsoNormal><span style=’font-size:7.0pt;font-family:"Lucida Console";color:#A6A6A6′>Fax :   +249 (1) 8533-8655</span><span style=’font-size:11.0pt;font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif";color:#1F497D’><o:p></o:p></span></p></td></tr></table><p class=MsoNormal><span style=’font-size:11.0pt;font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif";color:#1F497D’></span></p><p class=MsoNormal><span style=’font-size:11.0pt;font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif";color:#1F497D’></span></p><div style=’border:none;border-top:solid #B5C4DF 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